Sexual dysfunction affects both men and women, involving organic disorders, psychological problems, or both. Overall, the state of our knowledge is less advanced regarding female sexual physiology in comparison with male sexual function. Female sexual dysfunction has received little clinical and basic research attention and remains a largely untapped field in medicine.
The female gonads, or sexual glands, are the ovaries; they are the source of ova eggs and of the female sex hormones estrogens and progestogens. The fallopian, or uterine, tubes conduct ova to the uterus, which lies within the lesser or true pelvis. The uterus connects through the cervical canal with the vagina.
By David Terfera, Shereen Jegtvig. The perineum is the region between the thighs inferior to the pelvic diaphragm. The boundaries of this region are the same as that for the pelvic outlet, namely the pubic symphysis, ischiopubic rami, sacrotuberous ligaments, and coccyx.
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The vulva plural vulvas or vulvae; derived from Latin for wrapper or covering consists of the external female sex organs. The vulva includes the mons pubislabia majoralabia minoraclitorisvestibular bulbsvulval vestibuleurinary meatusthe vaginal openingand Bartholin's and Skene's vestibular glands. The urinary meatus is also included as it opens into the vulval vestibule.
The central tendon of the perineum, is a midline fibromuscular mass to which several muscles gain attachment. It is the posterior border of the perineal membrane, lies between anal canal and vagina. The rectovaginal septum blends into it.
The labia are apposed in the midline forming the, externally-visible, pudendal cleft. The labia majora have an outer and an inner surface. The outer surface is continuous anteriorly with the mons pubis, has a pigmented epithelium and is covered with hair.
About Translations. Wood-Jones F. Some points in the nomenclature of the external genitalia of the female. PubMed
The external female genitalia include the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, prepuce, frenulum, clitoris, and vestibule. The orifices of the paraurethral Skene and Bartholin glands, as well as those of the minor vestibular glands and the urethral meatus, open into the vestibule Fig. After menarche, the mons pubis and lateral aspects of the labia majora acquire increased amounts of subcutaneous fat and develop the coarse, curly pubic hair.
These parts are internal; the vagina meets the external organs at the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and urethra. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix, while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. At certain intervals, the ovaries release an ovum, which passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus. If, in this transit, it meets with sperm, the sperm penetrates and merges with the egg, fertilizing it.